60Si2MnA Spring Steel Bar


60Si2MnA spring steel has low content of alloying elements, high hardenability than 60Si2Mn, high toughness plasticity, small decarburization tendency, good tempering stability, good hot working property and low cost. 60Si2MnA spring steel is widely used in Shanghai, North China, chemical analysis of steel sales Wo hardness and metallographic test methods, the sudden occurrence of 60Si2GrA elastic strip in the production process were analyzed. Replaced 60Si2MnA heavy, medium and small car leaf spring and other medium-sized section of the leaf spring and coil spring.

60Si2MnA strength, hardness, elasticity and hardenability are higher than 65mn steel, with the tendency of overheating sensitivity and temper brittleness, water quenching tend to form cracks. Annealing Machinability is acceptable, low cold plastic deformation, poor weldability. Loaded by the medium plate spring, coil diameter of 7-20mm and spring washers. Spring ring. High wear-resistant parts, such as grinding machine spindle. Spring chuck. Precision machine screw. Cutter. Helical roller bearings on the ring. Railway rails.


Chemical Composition:


 C(%):  SI(%): Mn(%): S (%):  P (%):  Cr(%): Ni(%):  Cu(%):  V(%):


1.5~2.00.70~1.00 ≤0.035 ≤0.035≤0.35 ≤0.35≤0.250.08~0.16



Processing standard:


When the steel is used as the main part of the mold, it must be forged first to avoid longitudinal cracks. However, in order to eliminate the stress after forging and make the internal carbides of the steel uniform, spheroidizing annealing must be carried out to improve the service life of the die steel. However, the steel does not need to undergo spheroidizing annealing when used in the manufacture of springs.


If the rapid spheroidizing process heat treatment is used to replace the traditional spheroidizing annealing process, the spheroidizing structure can be more uniform, the spheroidizing rate can be improved, the product quality can be improved, and the production cycle can be shortened by half. The use of low-carbon martensite for high temperature quenching is beneficial to prolong the life of the cold work die.


The Ms point of the steel can be increased by increasing the austenitizing temperature to obtain more low-carbon martensite structure, improve the strength and toughness of the mold, and have higher fracture toughness, impact toughness and excellent wear resistance. . After quenching and tempering, the mold hardness is 58HRC, and the metallographic structure is lamellar tempered martensite + retained austenite, which is highly sensitive to microcracks, so the toughness is low, and it is easy to fracture during use.


Compared with ordinary quenching, the hardness obtained by the austempering process is only 1HRC, but the bending strength and toughness are suddenly greatly improved.


Cold-pressed blank softening treatment specification: temperature 740~760℃, holding time 4~6h, cooling rate of 50~100℃/h, temperature drop with furnace to ≤600℃, air cooling out of the furnace. Hardness ≤255HBS before treatment, treatment After hardness ≤217HBS.


Quenching and tempering specifications:

quenching temperature 870±10℃, oil cooling; tempering temperature 480℃±10℃.


Specification for austempering and tempering:

temperature 870℃, heat preservation 20min, oil cooling out of the furnace, immediately put it in a nitrate salt bath of 250℃ for 20 min, and air cooling out of the furnace.


Best heat treatment specification:

Preliminary heat treatment: 870°C oil quenching-790°C heating and holding for 25min-quenching to 680°C and holding 40min-furnace cooling to 500°C and air cooling.


Final heat treatment process:

quenching temperature 870℃, isothermal temperature 250℃, isothermal time 20min.

Critical point temperature (approximate value) Ac1=755℃, Ac3=810℃, Ar3=770℃, Ar1=700℃, Ms=305℃.


Hot working specification:

the initial forging temperature is 1100℃, and the final forging temperature is 850℃.




  1. After high temperature quenching of the steel cold heading nut die, after quenching and tempering at 920-950℃, the service life is about 2 times longer than that of the die quenched at normal temperature.
  2. The main parts of a non-standard gasket cold stamping die for a dump truck require high hardness, high strength, good impact resistance and good toughness, and are generally made of Cr. However, the price of this steel is high, and it is difficult to supply and heat treatment, so I had to switch to T10A  steel to make cold stamping dies. However, due to the poor toughness and brittleness of T10A steel, about 1,000 pieces of punching gaskets per die are damaged. Later, the steel is used to make the main parts of the cold die, quenching and tempering, so that the life of the die is greatly extended.
  3. The steel can be used for forming cold heading punches for inner and outer hexagon bolts, hard alloy die prestressing sleeves (48-52HRC), medium and thick steel plate perforation punches, etc.
  4. The steel is used to make cold heading punches for hexagon socket screws, and the service life exceeds the steel grades of Cr12 , 9CrSi, GCr15, Cr6WV, 3Cr2W8V steel carburizing, W6M5Cr4V2, etc., reaching 0.5-0.7 million pieces.
  5. It is mostly used in small-scale enterprises, such as the manufacture of cold-punching punches, nut cold-heading dies, punching dies, etc.
  6. It is the basic material of various punching tools, extrusion dies, and cold heading dies
  7. After the steel is spheroidized, annealed, quenched and tempered according to the traditional heat treatment process, its service life can wash 50,000-0.6 million gaskets, while the die with rapid spheroidization and austempering can wash 12,000 gaskets. Above, the life span has doubled.
  8. The spheroidizing annealing process is adopted for the steel, and the service life of the cold punching film can be doubled.
  9. After adopting the rapid spheroidizing process and carrying out 870℃ austenitization and 250℃ austempering, the service life of abrasive tools can be doubled compared with the traditional heat treatment process.

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